Boilers, every home has them, now, if you are curious, interested or have no idea about what this machine is all about, then this article would give light to your wondering. Below are the frequently asked questions about what a boiler is.
What is a boiler?
A boiler is by definition, a machine or a closed container which is utilised to create steam. This device is also called as a steam generator. It serves as a foundation of heating water in the various areas of the home, commercial, educational and institutional sectors.
How does it work?
The primary function of boilers is to make the water become hot by producing steam. Steam is generated by applying heat energy to the water. It transfers heat and forms steam from a fuel source such as oil, gas and coal or from an electricity or nuclear power source. Boilers must be installed by a Gas Safe registered company like Spicers to ensure legal and safety obligations are followed
What are the basic types of a boiler?
There are two common steam boiler types: fire-tube boiler and water-tube boiler. The fire-tube boiler is easy to set-up and control which is why 80% of the boilers is under the fire-tube configuration. This is popularly used on steam locomotives. It is also utilised in other applications such as heating the buildings. The other type of boiler is called water-tube boiler. They are basically rectangular in shape and has two or more drums for water that separates the water, the steam and the sludge. Its famous uses are for ships and factories. They are purposely designed for industrial functions such as cleaning, heating and sanitation. Furthermore, water-tube boiler which are large in size are used for oil refineries, chemical plants, paper mills and other sectors.
What happens to the water inside the boiler?
The enclosed water inside the boiler is the one responsible for the steam production. There are two things that will happen to the water depending on the kind of system that the boiler adapts. Take note that there are two types of boiler systems: the close and the open system. In the close system, the steam created is returned 100% to be reused. Meaning to say, the steam is converted back to water. One good example for the close system is hot water heating.
The open system works quite differently compared to the other. Always remember that sometimes, there are processes which can contaminate which makes the steam not suited to be reused. This system that does not allow to convert the condensate back to its original form as water is called an open system.
What is a boiler made of?
Copper is the highly preferred material to be used in boilers. We all know that this material has good conductivity and formability. However, because copper is quite expensive, some other industries substitute them with steel and iron because they are relatively cheap. Note that being cheap does not mean it is not durable. Steel and iron have strong built.